Seismic Design of Cast-in-Place Concrete Walls

Cast-in-Place (CIP) technology for constructing building walls is more than 100 years old. Thomas Edison was one of the first to recognize its features and benefits. Over the years, new construction methods have developed including forming systems, the use of materials for enhanced insulation, and improved methods for removable forms, most commonly in single-family housing. CIP produces a very strong …

Subsurface Utility Engineering Requirements

Subsurface Utility Engineering (SUE) is the overall aspect of mapping underground utilities including pipelines and cable lines to help aid in the design on a site. This complicated process uses geophysics, civil engineering, surveying, and often three-dimensional underground imaging radar. The amount of detail that SUE has stored must be accurate. The SUE remains on file for years and can …

American Concrete Institute (ACI)

The¬†American Concrete Institute, or ACI, is a society for concrete education and standard development for the concrete industry. It works to maintain and update American concrete standards. It has chapters located all over the U.S. and the world including Canada, France, and Saudi Arabia. The ACI headquarters is located in Farmington Hills, Michigan. History of Organization The idea for ACI …

European Concrete Standards

European Concrete Standards

Concrete is made up of three main components: water, cement, and aggregate (a mixture of rock, sand, and gravel). When these three components are mixed, chemical reactions within the cement acts as a strong binding agent to hold the entire mixture together. In Europe, the EU and local governments have set specific standards that concrete manufacturers must meet before it …