How Is Cement Made?

In the age of modern construction, concrete comprises the basis for a variety of structural foundations and flatworks. Almost every construction project utilizes concrete—many to a large extent. Because concrete is such an integral part of contemporary construction practices, the quality and endurance of the concrete are paramount. What contributes to the quality of concrete? You guessed it: cement. Cement …

The History of Concrete

What is concrete? Concrete is a commonly used construction composite generally made from varying types of dry, chemically inert, fine particles of sand, gravel, ash, shale, stone, and/or clay (also known as aggregate). The materials that compose concrete bond together by another fluid material called cement. Cement comes in different forms, but it is commonly a mixture of lime, calcium …

What is Fiber-Reinforced Concrete?

Fiber-reinforced concrete is a concrete mixture that has small, discrete, uniformly integrated fiber material segments throughout to increase its durability. Concrete is not considered fiber reinforced if large segments of materials are used to increase its structural integrity, such as steel meshes, steel rods, and woven fabric materials. Fiber-Reinforcement from Antiquity to Contemporary Culture Concrete with integrated fibers for reinforcement …

The Differences Between Self-Consolidating and Conventional Concrete

The Differences Between Self-Consolidating and Conventional Concrete Conventional concrete and self-consolidating concrete differ in several ways. Each one has specific uses based on its composition and properties. Conventional Concrete Conventional Concrete, also known as normal concrete or conventional vibrated concrete (CVC), is a dense aggregate mix that requires mechanical vibrations and/or poking to remove air pockets that become trapped during …

Cement Grout and Its Uses

Cement Grout and Its Uses

Cement Tiling Grout Versus Cement Injection and Compaction Grout Tiling grout is often manually applied, usually with the assistance of a trowel and rubber grout float. Tile projects require tiling grout to adhere the tiles to surfaces and seal the spaces between the individual tiles. Tiling grout is probably the most commonly recognized grout application, but tiling grout projects are …

Merlo Caterpillar Excavation Tractor

Excavation Dos and Don’ts

If you are in the process of conducting carrying out excavation work such as clearing a plot of land, digging drainage channels, and installing new utilities, it is important that you take steps to protect your workforce. Excavation work can be a risky business. Accidents which occur during an excavation can result in serious injury or death. Below is a …

Retention Pond

How Retention Ponds Work

How Detention and Retention Ponds Work Detention and retention ponds are both essential features in modern stormwater management practice. Both are designed based on similar principles, with minor differences. Why Do We Need Detention & Retention Ponds? Found in almost every suburban development, these man-made ponds ensure large volumes of rainwater are contained. This is because infrastructures such as sidewalks, …

Asphalt Driveway Construction

Removing Asphalt Driveway

Steps for Removing an Asphalt Driveway If your asphalt driveway is old and cracked and has an inadequate foundation, improper drainage design, and costly maintenance, it may be time for you to remove it. Figure 1. An old, cracked, asphalt driveway. Removing asphalt DIY-style can be a physically intensive task. It can also take up to a week to complete …

Underground Sewage

Advantages and Disadvantages of Underground Utilities

Advantages and Disadvantages of Underground Utilities Storm and sewer water, if left unmanaged, has the potential to cause unintended damage to residential, commercial, and industrial properties. Also, unmanaged storm and sewer water can harm pedestrians and the environment. Understanding the advantages and disadvantages of underground water utility management is an important factor when deciding what type or water management system …

Basement Foundation Repair Basics

  What You Need to Know about Basement Foundation Repair Basement foundation repairs can be intimidating, but there are plenty of companies out there that will help you fix your concrete foundation in the event it gets damaged. Before you start looking for a company to help you fix your basement, you should learn the basic steps required for foundation …